What is an EPC?

An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) measures the energy efficiency of a property on a scale of A-G. 

Energy Performance Certificates were introduced in England and Wales in 2007 and are a legal requirement for a building to be sold, let or constructed. Once obtained, an EPC is valid for 10 years. 

The most efficient homes - which should have the lowest fuel bills - are in band A. The Certificate also tells you, on a scale of A-G, about the impact the home has on the environment. Better-rated homes should have less impact through Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions.

The average property in the UK is in bands D-E for both ratings. The Certificate includes recommendations on ways to improve the home's energy efficiency to save you money and help the environment. EPCs apply also to commercial buildings and are rated only by Carbon Dioxide emission ratings on a scale of A-G.

Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES) Legislation 

In April 2018 Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards introduced made it a legal requirement for all privately owned properties to have an EPC rating of at least an 'E' before they are sold or let. The legislation applies to both domestic and commercial properties, although there are some exemptions, for example if a property is a listed building. 

Those who fail to make the necessary changes will be subject to the appropriate fines: up to £5,000 for domestic dwellings and up to £150,000 for non-domestic properties. 

What is involved?

If you require an EPC you will need an accredited energy assessor to conduct an energy assessment.

You can search for an energy assessor here

The energy assessor will need to access all rooms as well as the loft. They are also required to inspect heating systems and controls, take measurements and take photographs of all key data included in the survey. The survey is non invasive and a visual inspection is all that is required.  You can ask the assessor how long he expects to be as the time varies between properties.

Energy assessors can input this information on site or at home, to produce an Energy Performance Certificate which is lodged to the central register.

How do I get a copy of an EPC?

If you have the report reference number (RRN) or an address, you can easily retrieve an EPC by going to the appropriate register.

For properties in England and Wales click here.

For properties in Scotland click here.

For properties in Northern Ireland click here.

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